Competitive inhibition of spinach leaf phosphoglucose isomerase isoenzymes by erythrose 4-phosphate

Autor(en): Backhausen, JE
Jostingmeyer, P
Scheibe, R 
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Calvin cycle regulation; CARBON; CHLOROPLAST; CO2 FIXATION; erythrose 4-phosphate; LEAVES; METABOLITE LEVELS; PHOSPHATE; phosphoglucose isomerase; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; Plant Sciences; PURIFICATION; REDUCTION; spinach chloroplast; STARCH SYNTHESIS
Erscheinungsdatum: 1997
Volumen: 130
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 121
Seitenende: 131
In plant cells, the reversible isomerization between fructose 6-phosphate (Fru6P) and glucose 6-phosphate (Glc6P) is catalyzed by a cytosolic and a chloroplastic isoenzyme of phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI, EC The extractable activities of both PGI isoenzymes are in large excess compared with the flux required for product synthesis, but the measured Glu6P/Fru6P ratio in illuminated chloroplasts and in whole leaves is always displaced from equilibrium. Cytosolic (PGI 2) and stromal (PGI 1) isoenzymes were purified from spinach leaves and used to investigate the possibility of metabolic regulation at this step. Several metabolites were found to inhibit PGI, but within the physiological concentration range, only erythrose 4-phosphate (Ery4P) inhibited significantly. The inhibition was competitive, with K-i values below 10 mu M for PGI 2 and 1. The physiological significance of the inhibition of PGI by Ery4P was assessed in isolated intact spinach chloroplasts. We conclude that, in vivo, this inhibition is probably responsible for the observed displacement from equilibrium in the chloroplasts, but limits the carbon flow towards starch synthesis only when Fru6P is low. In contrast, the inhibition by Ery4P is unlikely to play any role in the cytosolic carbon metabolism because both Fru6P concentration and PGI activity, are much higher than in the chloroplast stroma. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
ISSN: 01689452
DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9452(97)00208-2

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