Multiple realization and methodological pluralism

Autor(en): Richardson, Robert C.
Stichwörter: Broca; COMPREHENSION; History & Philosophy Of Science; LANGUAGE; Language functions; Localization; Methodological pluralism; Multiple realization; Neural plasticity; PATTERNS; Philosophy; Reductionism; RIGHT-HEMISPHERE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2009
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Journal: SYNTHESE
Volumen: 167
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 473
Seitenende: 492
Zusammenfassung: 
Multiple realization was once taken to be a challenge to reductionist visions, especially within cognitive science, and a foundation of the ``antireductionist consensus.'' More recently, multiple realization has come to be challenged on naturalistic grounds, as well as on more ``metaphysical'' grounds. Within cognitive science, one focal issue concerns the role of neural plasticity for addressing these issues. If reorganization maintains the same cognitive functions, that supports claims for multiple realization. I take up the reorganization involved in language dysfunctions to deal with questions concerned with multiple realization and neural plasticity. Beginning with Broca's case for localization and the nineteenth century discussion of ``reorganization,'' and returning to more recent evidence for neural plasticity, I argue that, in the end, there is substantial support for multiple realization in cognitive systems; I further argue that this is wholly consistent with a recognition of methodological pluralism in cognitive science.
ISSN: 00397857
DOI: 10.1007/s11229-008-9387-6

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