A Ca2+- and voltage-modulated flagellar ion channel is a component of the mechanoshock response in the unicellular green alga Spermatozopsis similis

Autor(en): Hill, K
Hemmler, R
Kovermann, P
Calenberg, M
Kreimer, G
Wagner, R 
Stichwörter: BASAL BODY REORIENTATION; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Biophysics; Ca2+-modulated channel; CALCIUM CHANNELS; CHLAMYDOMONAS-REINHARDTII; DEPENDENT CATION-CHANNEL; flagellar calcium flux; flagellar ion channel; green alga; PATCH-CLAMP; PHOTORECEPTOR CURRENT; PLANAR LIPID BILAYERS; PLASMA-MEMBRANE; RHODOPSIN-TRIGGERED PHOTOCURRENTS; shock response; SINGLE-CHANNEL; Spermatozopsis similis; voltage-modulated channel
Erscheinungsdatum: 2000
Volumen: 1466
Ausgabe: 1-2
Startseite: 187
Seitenende: 204
In flagellate green algae, behavioral responses to photo- and mechanoshock are induced by different external stimuli within 10-15 ms. In the accompanying changes in flagella beat, Ca2+ has important regulatory roles. Although the axonemal Ca2+ responsive elements are well characterized, analyses of flagellar channels involved in Ca2+ signalling as well as other ion channels at the single-channel level were not yet conducted in green algae. To gain a further understanding of these important signaling elements in movement responses, intact flagella of Spermatozopsis similis were isolated and characterized and the solubilized flagellar membrane proteins were reconstituted into liposomes. We observed three types of channel activity, two of which were weakly anion and cation-selective and in the high-conductance regime typical for porin-like solute channels. The dominating channel activity was a voltage dependent, rectifying, low conductance (Lambda = 80 pS in 50 mM KCl) cation-selective channel modulated by, and highly permeable to, Ca2+ ions (SFC1: Spermatozopsis flagellar cation channel 1). Depolarizations necessary to activate SFC1 probably only occur in vivo during avoidance reactions of this alga. Ca2+ activation of SFC1 points to a direct link to Ca2+-mediated signaling pathway(s) in the flagella. Both the response to mechanoshock and SFC1 activity were inhibited by Gd3+ and Ba2+, thus supporting our assumption that SFC1 represents a major flagellar ion channel involved in this green algal avoidance reaction. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00052736
DOI: 10.1016/S0005-2736(00)00200-5

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