Driven transport of soft Brownian particles through pore-like structures: Effective size method
|Antonov, Alexander P.
|Chemistry; Chemistry, Physical; NANOTUBES; Physics; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical; SINGLE-FILE DIFFUSION
|JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS
Single-file transport in pore-like structures constitutes an important topic for both theory and experiment. For hardcore interacting particles, a good understanding of the collective dynamics has been achieved recently. Here, we study how softness in the particle interaction affects the emergent transport behavior. To this end, we investigate the driven Brownian motion of particles in a periodic potential. The particles interact via a repulsive softcore potential with a shape corresponding to a smoothed rectangular barrier. This shape allows us to elucidate effects of mutual particle penetration and particle crossing in a controlled manner. We find that even weak deviations from the hardcore case can have a strong impact on the particle current. Despite this fact, knowledge about the transport in a corresponding hardcore system is shown to be useful to describe and interpret our findings for the softcore case. This is achieved by assigning a thermodynamic effective size to the particles based on the equilibrium density functional of hard spheres.
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checked on Mar 3, 2024