Structure and Dynamics of Spin-Labeled Insulin Entrapped in a Silica Matrix by the Sol-Gel Method

Autor(en): Vanea, E.
Gruian, C.
Rickert, C.
Steinhoff, H. -J.
Simon, V.
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; BIOMOLECULES; Chemistry; Chemistry, Organic; DENATURATION; ENCAPSULATION; EPR; MICROSPHERES; POLARITY; Polymer Science; PROTEIN ADSORPTION; RELEASE; SECONDARY STRUCTURE; STABILITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Journal: BIOMACROMOLECULES
Volumen: 14
Ausgabe: 8
Startseite: 2582
Seitenende: 2592
Zusammenfassung: 
The structure and conformational dynamics of insulin entrapped into a silica matrix was monitored during the sol to maturated-gel transition by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Insulin was successfully spin-labeled with iodoacetamide and the bifunctional nitroxide reagent HO-1944. Room temperature continuous wave (cw) EPR spectra of insulin were recorded to assess the mobility of the attached spin labels. Insulin conformation and its distribution within the silica matrix were studied using double electron-electron resonance (DEER) and low-temperature cw-EPR. A porous oxide matrix seems to form around insulin molecules with pore diameters in the order of a few nanometers. Secondary structure of the encapsulated insulin investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy proved a high structural integrity of insulin even in the dried silica matrix. The results show that silica encapsulation can be used as a powerful tool to effectively isolate and functionally preserve biomolecules during preparation, storage, and release.
ISSN: 15257797
DOI: 10.1021/bm4003893

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