Quantum chemical modelling of polarons and perovskite solid solutions

Autor(en): Eglitis, RI
Kotomin, EA
Borstel, G
Stichwörter: ab initio and semi-empirical calculations; ABO(3) perovskites; CORUNDUM CRYSTALS; defects; DOPED KTAO3; F-CENTERS; FIRST-PRINCIPLES; HARTREE-FOCK CALCULATIONS; INDO; INDO METHOD; KNBO3; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; optical properties; OPTICAL-PROPERTIES; PARAMETRIZATION; phase transitions; polarons; SEMIEMPIRICAL CALCULATIONS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2001
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Journal: COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE
Volumen: 21
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 530
Seitenende: 534
Zusammenfassung: 
Following our previous study [J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 10 (1998) 6271] of a single Nb impurity and Nb clusters in KTaO3, we present results of the calculations for a series of perovskite KNb3Ta1-xO3 (KTN) solid solutions (x = 0, 0.125, 0.25, 0.75, 1). The quantum chemical method of the intermediate neglect of the differential overlap (INDO) combined with the large unit cell (LUC) periodic model is used. According to the INDO calculations, Nb impurity becomes off-center in KTaO3 already at the lowest studied concentrations (x = 0.125), in a good agreement with XAFS measurements. We compare our results with previous ab initio FP-LMTO calculations. Quantum chemical calculations confirm the existence of self-trapped electrons in KNbO3: the corresponding lattice relaxation energy is 0.21 eV. We estimate the optical absorption energy to be 0.78 eV. An electron in the ground state occupies a t(2g) orbital of the Nb4- ion. Its orbital degeneracy is lifted by a combination of the breathing and Jahn-Teller (JT) modes when four nearest equatorial 0 atoms are displaced by 1.4% a(o) outwards and two oxygens shift 1% inwards along the z axis. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Beschreibung: 
2nd International Workshop on Challenges in Predictive Process Simulation (ChiPPS 2000), WANDLITZ, GERMANY, MAY 15-18, 2000
ISSN: 09270256
DOI: 10.1016/S0927-0256(01)00202-6

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