Reciprocal Fitness Feedbacks Promote the Evolution of Mutualistic Cooperation

Autor(en): Preussger, Daniel
Giri, Samir
Muhsal, Linea K.
Ona, Leonardo
Kost, Christian 
Stichwörter: ALTRUISM; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; BIOFILM; Biology; Cell Biology; COMPETITION; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; GENES; GENOME; Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics; REVEALS; SYMBIONT
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: CELL PRESS
Volumen: 30
Ausgabe: 18
Startseite: 3580+
Mutually beneficial interactions are ubiquitous in nature and have played a pivotal role for the evolution of life on earth. However, the factors facilitating their emergence remain poorly understood. Here, we address this issue both experimentally and by mathematical modeling using cocultures of auxotrophic strains of Escherichia coli, whose growth depends on a reciprocal exchange of amino acids. Coevolving auxotrophic pairs in a spatially heterogeneous environment for less than 150 generations transformed the initial interaction that was merely based on an exchange of metabolic byproducts into a costly metabolic cooperation, in which both partners increased the amounts of metabolites they produced to benefit their corresponding partner, The observed changes were afforded by the formation of multicellular clusters, within which increased cooperative investments were favored by positive fitness feedbacks among interacting genotypes. Under these conditions, non-cooperative individuals were less fit than cooperative mutants. Together, our results highlight the ease with which mutualistic cooperation can evolve, suggesting similar mechanisms likely operate in natural communities.
ISSN: 09609822
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.06.100

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