The N-terminal input domain of the sensor kinase KdpD of Escherichia coli stabilizes the interaction between the cognate response regulator KdpE and the corresponding DNA-binding site

Autor(en): Heermann, R
Altendorf, K 
Jung, K
Stichwörter: ACETYL PHOSPHATE; ACTIVATION; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; EXPRESSION; KDPABC OPERON; PHOSPHORYLATION; POTASSIUM-TRANSPORT; PROMOTER; PROTEINS; SYSTEM; TURGOR SENSOR
Erscheinungsdatum: 2003
Herausgeber: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Journal: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
Volumen: 278
Ausgabe: 51
Startseite: 51277
Seitenende: 51284
Zusammenfassung: 
The sensor kinase/response regulator system KdpD/KdpE of Escherichia coli regulates expression of the kdpFABC operon, which encodes the high affinity K+ transport system KdpFABC. The membrane-bound sensor kinase KdpD consists of an N-terminal input domain (comprising a large cytoplasmic domain and four transmembrane domains) and a cytoplasmic C-terminal transmitter domain. Here we show that the cytoplasmic N-terminal domain of KdpD (KdpD/1-395) alone supports semi-constitutive kdpFABC expression, which becomes dependent on the extracellular K+ concentration under K+-limiting growth conditions. However, it should be noted that the non-phosphorylatable derivative KdpD/H673Q or the absence of KdpD abolishes kdpFABC expression completely. KdpD/1-395 mediated kdpFABC expression requires the corresponding response regulator KdpE with an intact phosphorylation site. Experiments with an Escherichia coli mutant unable to synthesize acetyl phosphate as well as transposon mutagenesis suggest that KdpE is phosphorylated in vivo by low molecular weight phosphodonors in the absence of the full-length sensor kinase. Various biochemical approaches provide first evidence that kdpFABC expression mediated by KdpD/1-395 is due to a stabilizing effect of this domain on the binding of KdpEsimilar toP to its corresponding DNA-binding site. Such a stabilizing effect of a sensor kinase domain on the DNA-protein interaction of the cognate response regulator has never been observed before for any other sensor kinase. It describes a new mechanism in bacterial two-component signal transduction.
ISSN: 00219258
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M303801200

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