A unified model for predictive and bridging inferences

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSchmalhofer, F
dc.contributor.authorMcDaniel, MA
dc.contributor.authorKeefe, D
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:08:54Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:08:54Z-
dc.date.issued2002
dc.identifier.issn0163853X
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/8506-
dc.description.abstractText materials such as those introduced by McKoon and Ratcliff (1986) have been repeatedly used to shape a theoretical understanding of inference processes. Recent results of Keefe and McDaniel (1993) with these materials were intriguing with respect to the generation and persistence of predictive and bridging inferences. To account for these data, the authors developed a formal model within Kintsch's (198 8, 1998) construction-integration theory. Computer simulations confirmed that the model explains the data well. The model's key features are that (a) inferences may be generated and represented at the situational level and thereby differ from explicit statements, which may be encoded in a bottom-up fashion at the surface, propositional, and situational levels and (b) the maintenance of inferences and explicit statements depends on the interconnectivity of the multilevel representation rather than on an independent strength value of an individual knowledge unit. Recent data are described that support these theoretical assumptions. On the basis of this theoretical and empirical work, a unified model is proposed for the generation and persistence of predictive and bridging; inferences. The implications of this unified model relative to previous theories are discussed, and a general taxonomy of inference processes is outlined.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherLAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC INC
dc.relation.ispartofDISCOURSE PROCESSES
dc.subjectCAUSAL INFORMATION
dc.subjectCONSTRUCTION
dc.subjectDISCOURSE COMPREHENSION
dc.subjectGLOBAL COHERENCE
dc.subjectNARRATIVE TEXT
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Educational
dc.subjectPsychology, Experimental
dc.subjectSITUATIONAL REPRESENTATIONS
dc.subjectTERM-MEMORY
dc.subjectTEXT COMPREHENSION
dc.subjectTHEORETICAL-ANALYSIS
dc.subjectTIME-COURSE
dc.titleA unified model for predictive and bridging inferences
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1207/S15326950DP3302_01
dc.identifier.isiISI:000180650000001
dc.description.volume33
dc.description.issue2
dc.description.startpage105
dc.description.endpage132
dc.publisher.place10 INDUSTRIAL AVE, MAHWAH, NJ 07430-2262 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationDiscl. Process.
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