Risk of hand dermatitis among hairdressers versus office workers

Autor(en): Uter, W
Pfahlberg, A
Gefeller, O
Schwanitz, HJ
Stichwörter: APPRENTICES; ATOPY; COHORT; ECZEMA; epidemiology; IRRITANT CONTACT-DERMATITIS; logistic regression analysis; occupational skin disease; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; wet work
Erscheinungsdatum: 1999
Herausgeber: SCAND J WORK ENV HEALTH
Journal: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF WORK ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH
Volumen: 25
Ausgabe: 5
Startseite: 450
Seitenende: 456
Zusammenfassung: 
Objectives The risk of irritant skin damage associated with hairdressing was estimated with the individual occupational exposure and other relevant factors having been taken into consideration. Methods A cohort of 2352 hairdressing and 111 office apprentices was prospectively followed for the duration of their vocational training (3 years), 3 examinations having been made and 3 years of recruitment having been used [1992 (hairdressers only), 1993, 1994] in Lj vocational training schools in northwest Germany. The information of the final follow-up examination war used for the analysis. Results A multifactorial analysis taking several (constitutional) risk factors, which were unevenly distributed between the 2 groups, into account revealed a significantly increased risk for hairdressers when compared with office workers (odds ratio approximately 4.0) with a marked decline in the most recently recruited (1994) apprentice group. Other significant factors increasing the dermatitis risk were (i) low ambient absolute humidity, (ii) young age, and (iii) a certain higher range of ``atopy score''. If the individual profile of occupational exposure among hairdressers was also considered, unprotected wet work of more than 2 hours per day was found to be a significant risk factor. Conclusions Good skin protection, as operationalized in the present study, can diminish, but not eliminate, the risk of occupational irritant hand dermatitis among hairdressers.
ISSN: 03553140
DOI: 10.5271/sjweh.459

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