Enactive Emotion and Impaired Agency in Depression

Autor(en): Slaby, Jan
Paskaleva, Asena
Stephan, Achim 
Stichwörter: AFFECTIVE INTENTIONALITY; agency; depression; Emotion; feeling; lived body; MELANCHOLIA; Philosophy; sense of ability; Social Sciences - Other Topics; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Volumen: 20
Ausgabe: 7-8
Startseite: 33
Seitenende: 55
We propose an action-oriented understanding of emotion. Emotions are modifications of a basic form of goal-oriented striving characteristic of human life. They are appetitive orientations: pursuits of the good, avoidances of the bad. Thus, emotions are not truly distinct from, let alone opposed to, actions-as erroneously suggested by the classical understanding of emotions as `passions'. In the present paper, we will outline and defend this broadly enactive approach and motivate its main claims. Our proposal gains plausibility from a literature- and interview-based investigation of emotional changes characteristic of clinical depression. Much narrative evidence from patient reports points towards the conclusion that many of those changes might result from a catastrophic alteration of the basic form of goal-pursuit at the root of human emotionality. The experience of profound depression could in this respect be a kind of inverted image of non-pathological emotionality a highly unnatural passivity, giving rise to a profound and quite horrib/ing sense of incapacity.
ISSN: 13558250

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