Phylogenetic relationships of Old World Brassicaceae from Iran based on nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences

Autor(en): Khosravi, Ahmad Reza
Mohsenzadeh, Sasan
Mummenhoff, Klaus 
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; CRUCIFERAE; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Evolutionary Biology; Generic status; Iranian Brassicaceae; ITS sequence analysis; MOLECULAR SYSTEMATICS; Phylogenetic relationships; POSITION; Tribal assignment; TRIBES
Erscheinungsdatum: 2009
Volumen: 37
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 106
Seitenende: 115
Phylogenetic analysis of 155 nuclear rDNA ITS sequences among them 19 Iranian endemic genera were used to elucidate phylogenetic relationships of Old World Brassicaceae from Iran in the context of the most recent tribal system suggested by Al-Shehbaz et al. [Al-Shehbaz, U, Beilstein, M.A, Kellogg, E.A., 2006. Systematics and phylogeny of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae): an overview. Plant Syst. Evol. 259, 89-120]. Iranian endemic taxa are assigned to 16 clades, 15 of these correspond to recognized tribes. Our data support the recent tribal recognition of Calepina and relatives and further indicate that the Orychophragmus clade (with Conringia planisiliqua and Orychophragmus) may be recognized as a new tribe. Our data also support the inclusion of 13 genera not previously studied, or with unresolved positions in previous phylogenetic analyses in 10 tribes with the tribal assignment given in parentheses: Acanthocardamum (Aethionemeae), Alyssopsis (Camelineae), Anastatica (Malcolmieae), Asperuginoides (Cochlearieae), Camelinopsis (Thlaspideae), Didymophysa (Thlaspideae), Dielsiocharisi (Camelineae), Lachnoloma (Anchonieae), Micrantha (Anchonieae), Noccidium (Camelineae), Octoceras (Euclidieae), Pseudofortuynia (Sisymbrieae) and Streptoloma (Euclidieae). ITS data and morphological characters further indicate that the remaining five genera, i.e., Acanthocardamum, Olimarabidopsis, Brossardia, Noccidium and Zuvanda may be subsumed under Aethionema, Alyssopsis, Noccaea, Capsella and Conringia, respectively. Alyssum, Chorispora, Fibigia and Goldbachia are paraphyletic and Conringia, Malcolmia, Matthiola are polyphyletic taxa. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03051978
DOI: 10.1016/j.bse.2009.01.010

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