Pristina silvicola and Pristina terrena spp. nov., two new soil-dwelling species of Naididae (Oligochaeta, Annelida) from the tropical rain forest near Manaus, Brazil, with comments on the genus Pristinella

Autor(en): Collado, R
Schmelz, RM
Stichwörter: live observation; Pristina; Pristinella; species descriptions; SUBFAMILIAL CLASSIFICATION; taxonomy; Zoology
Erscheinungsdatum: 2000
Herausgeber: WILEY
Journal: JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY
Volumen: 251
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 509
Seitenende: 516
Zusammenfassung: 
Pristina silvicola and P. terrena spp. nov. are described from soil samples of the primary rain forest at the Brazilian Agroforestry Research Facility near Manaus, Brazil. Living and preserved specimens were studied. The species are among the smallest oligochaetes known (1-1.5 mm long) but they are conspicuous by their brilliant, highly retractile coelomocytes. Pristina silvicola is also described from sexually mature specimens. Its character combination invalidates Pristinella as a genus separate from Pristina. Both genera are reunited as Pristina. Pristina silvicola and P. terrena, species which lack a proboscis, share a character combination that is unique in the genus: stomach absent, first nephridia in segment VII, ventral chaetae uniform with upper tooth not longer than lower. They differ from one another in the shape of the brain and in other details of the chaetae.
ISSN: 09528369
DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2000.tb00806.x

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