Nonequilibrium Transport and Phase Transitions in Driven Diffusion of Interacting Particles

Autor(en): Lips, Dominik
Ryabov, Artem
Maass, Philipp 
Stichwörter: ASYMMETRIC EXCLUSION PROCESS; Brownian Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process; Chemistry; Chemistry, Physical; Driven Diffusion; EQUILIBRIUM; FLOW; MASTER-EQUATION; MODELS; Nonequilibrium Dynamics; Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions; Physics; Physics, Multidisciplinary; Single-File Transport; STATE; SYSTEMS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: WALTER DE GRUYTER GMBH
Journal: ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG SECTION A-A JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES
Volumen: 75
Ausgabe: 5, SI
Startseite: 449
Seitenende: 463
Zusammenfassung: 
Driven diffusive systems constitute paradigmatic models of nonequilibrium physics. Among them, a driven lattice gas known as the asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) is the most prominent example for which many intriguing exact results have been obtained. After summarising key findings, including the mapping of the ASEP to quantum spin chains, we discuss the recently introduced Brownian ASEP (BASEP) as a related class of driven diffusive system with continuous space dynamics. In the BASEP, driven Brownian motion of hardcore-interacting particles through one-dimensional periodic potentials is considered. We study whether current-density relations of the BASEP can be considered as generic for arbitrary periodic potentials and whether repulsive particle interactions other than hardcore lead to similar results. Our findings suggest that shapes of current-density relations are generic for single-well periodic potentials and can always be attributed to the interplay of a barrier reduction, blocking, and exchange symmetry effect. This implies that in general up to five different phases of nonequilibrium steady states are possible for such potentials. The phases can occur in systems coupled to particle reservoirs, where the bulk density is the order parameter. For multiple-well periodic potentials, more complex current-density relations are possible, and more phases can appear. Taking a repulsive Yukawa potential as an example, we show that the effects of barrier reduction and blocking on the current are also present. The exchange symmetry effect requires hardcore interactions, and we demonstrate that it can still be identified when hardcore interactions are combined with weak Yukawa interactions. The robustness of the collective dynamics in the BASEP with respect to variations of model details can be a key feature for a successful observation of the predicted current-density relations in actual physical systems.
ISSN: 09320784
DOI: 10.1515/zna-2020-0028

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