Hunting of mammals by central chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) in the Loango National Park, Gabon

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKlein, Harmonie
dc.contributor.authorBocksberger, Gaelle
dc.contributor.authorBaas, Pauline
dc.contributor.authorBunel, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorTheleste, Erwan
dc.contributor.authorPika, Simone
dc.contributor.authorDeschner, Tobias
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:09:34Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:09:34Z-
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn00328332
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/8875-
dc.description.abstractThe predation and consumption of animals are common behaviours in chimpanzees across tropical Africa. To date, however, relatively little is known concerning the hunting behaviour of central chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes). Here, we provide the first direct observations of hunting behaviour by individuals of the newly habituated Rekambo community in the Loango National Park, Gabon. Over a period of 23 months (May 2017 to March 2019), we observed a total of 61 predation attempts on eight mammal species, including four monkey species. The two most frequently hunted species were two monkey species (Cercocebus torquatus,Cercopithecus nictitans), which are not hunted at other long-term field sites. The majority of predation events observed involved parties of an average of eight individuals, mainly adult males, with hunting success being higher with increasing numbers of participants. Hunting occurred all year round, but hunting rates increased in the dry season, the period of high fruit availability in the Loango National Park. These results are in line with the nutrient surplus hypothesis which explains seasonal variation in hunting behaviour in several populations of eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii: e.g., Mahale, Tanzania; Ngogo, Uganda). Finally, with a hunting frequency of 2.65 hunts per month, the Rekambo community had higher hunting rates than other sites (Bossou, Republic of Guinea; Kahuzi-Biega, Democratic Republic of Congo; Budongo, Uganda) where red colobus monkeys are also absent. We discuss these results and compare them to patterns at other long-term sites.
dc.description.sponsorshipProjekt DEAL; Max Planck SocietyMax Planck SocietyFoundation CELLEX; ERC by the EU [772000]; Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.. This study was supported by the Max Planck Society and an ERC Consolidator Grant (772000; Turn Taking) by the EU to SP.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSPRINGER JAPAN KK
dc.relation.ispartofPRIMATES
dc.subjectBEHAVIOR
dc.subjectBOSSOU
dc.subjectChimpanzee
dc.subjectGORILLAS
dc.subjectGUINEA
dc.subjectHunting behaviour
dc.subjectLoango
dc.subjectLOPE RESERVE
dc.subjectMAHALE MOUNTAINS
dc.subjectMammals
dc.subjectNutrient surplus hypothesis
dc.subjectPREDATION
dc.subjectPRIMATES
dc.subjectRAIN-FOREST
dc.subjectWILD CHIMPANZEES
dc.subjectZoology
dc.titleHunting of mammals by central chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) in the Loango National Park, Gabon
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10329-020-00885-4
dc.identifier.isiISI:000606151900001
dc.description.volume62
dc.description.issue2
dc.description.startpage267
dc.description.endpage278
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0003-1925-5049
dc.identifier.eissn16107365
dc.publisher.placeSHIROYAMA TRUST TOWER 5F, 4-3-1 TORANOMON, MINATO-KU, TOKYO, 105-6005, JAPAN
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationPrimates
dcterms.oaStatushybrid, Green Published
crisitem.author.deptInstitut für Kognitionswissenschaft-
crisitem.author.deptidinstitute28-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-4398-2337-
crisitem.author.parentorgFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.grandparentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.netidPiSi817-
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