A simple model of phosphorus retention evoked by submerged macrophytes in lowland rivers

Autor(en): Schulz, Marcus
Koehler, Jan
Stichwörter: aquatic vegetation; black-box model; DYNAMICS; Marine & Freshwater Biology; NUTRIENT RETENTION; phosphorus; river ecology; STREAM
Erscheinungsdatum: 2006
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Volumen: 563
Startseite: 521
Seitenende: 525
This study was designed to quantify and model the effects of macrophytes on phosphorus retention in a lowland river. The seasonal course of phosphorus retention was calculated from the measured difference in TP between beginning and end of a 30-km river course and the estimated lateral P input. The coverage of submersed macrophytes was mapped and coincided with the difference between theoretical water level (without vegetation) and the observed one. Therefore, the increase in water level was used as measure of the macrophytes' abundance. In years with rare vegetation (1991-1994), P was retained in winter and remobilized in summer. In years with dense stands of macrophytes (1995-2002), net P retention was highest in summer and amounted up to 20% of TP load, and was negative during winter. The annual P budget was close to zero in both periods. The found sinusoidal annual pattern of total phosphorus retention was used to create a retention model for vegetated lowland rivers.
ISSN: 00188158
DOI: 10.1007/s10750-006-0027-1

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