Two nucleotide transport proteins in Chlamydia trachomatis, one for net nucleoside triphosphate uptake and the other for transport of energy

Autor(en): Tjaden, J
Winkler, HH
Schwoppe, C
Van der Laan, M
Mohlmann, T
Neuhaus, HE
Stichwörter: EXPRESSION; LYSINE TRANSPORT; Microbiology; PROWAZEKII ATP/ADP TRANSLOCASE; PSITTACI; RICKETTSIA-PROWAZEKII; SEQUENCE; SYSTEM
Erscheinungsdatum: 1999
Herausgeber: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Journal: JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY
Volumen: 181
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 1196
Seitenende: 1202
Zusammenfassung: 
The genome of Chlamydia trachomatis, one of the most prominent human pathogens, contains two structural genes coding for proteins, herein called Npt1(Ct) and Npt2(Ct) (nucleoside phosphate transporters 1 and 2 of C. trachomatis), exhibiting 68 and 61% similarity, respectively, to the,ATP/ADP transporter from the intracellular bacterium Rickettsia prowazckii at the deduced amino acid level. Hydropathy analysis and sequence alignments suggested that both proteins have 12 transmembrane: domains. The putative transporters were expressed as histidine-tagged proteins in Escherichia coli to study their biochemical properties. His(10)-Npt1(Ct) catalyzed ATP and ADP transport in an exchange mode. The apparent K-m values were 48 (ATP) and 39 (ADP) mu M. ATP and ADF transport was specific since AMP, GTP, CTP, UTP, dATP, dCTP, dGTP, and dTTP did not inhibit uptake. In contrast, His(10)-Npt2(Ct) transported all four ribonucleoside triphosphates with apparent K-m, values of 31 mu M (GTP), 302 mu M (UTP), 528 mu M (CTP), and 1,158 mu M (ATP), Ribonucleoside di- and monophosphates and deoxyribonucleotides were not substrates, The protonophore m-chlorocarbonylcyanide phenylhydrazone abolished uptake of all nucleoside triphosphates by Npt2(Ct). This observation indicated that His(10)-Npt2(Ct) acts as a nucleosidetriphosphate/H+ symporter energized by the proton motive force across the Escherichia coli cytoplasmic membrane. We conclude that NDt1(Ct) provides chlamydiae with energy whereas Npt2(Ct) catalyzes the net uptake of ribonucleoside triphosphates required for anabolic reactions.
ISSN: 00219193
DOI: 10.1128/JB.181.4.1196-1202.1999

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