Two nucleotide transport proteins in Chlamydia trachomatis, one for net nucleoside triphosphate uptake and the other for transport of energy

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dc.contributor.authorTjaden, J
dc.contributor.authorWinkler, HH
dc.contributor.authorSchwoppe, C
dc.contributor.authorVan der Laan, M
dc.contributor.authorMohlmann, T
dc.contributor.authorNeuhaus, HE
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:09:41Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:09:41Z-
dc.date.issued1999
dc.identifier.issn00219193
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/8936-
dc.description.abstractThe genome of Chlamydia trachomatis, one of the most prominent human pathogens, contains two structural genes coding for proteins, herein called Npt1(Ct) and Npt2(Ct) (nucleoside phosphate transporters 1 and 2 of C. trachomatis), exhibiting 68 and 61% similarity, respectively, to the,ATP/ADP transporter from the intracellular bacterium Rickettsia prowazckii at the deduced amino acid level. Hydropathy analysis and sequence alignments suggested that both proteins have 12 transmembrane: domains. The putative transporters were expressed as histidine-tagged proteins in Escherichia coli to study their biochemical properties. His(10)-Npt1(Ct) catalyzed ATP and ADP transport in an exchange mode. The apparent K-m values were 48 (ATP) and 39 (ADP) mu M. ATP and ADF transport was specific since AMP, GTP, CTP, UTP, dATP, dCTP, dGTP, and dTTP did not inhibit uptake. In contrast, His(10)-Npt2(Ct) transported all four ribonucleoside triphosphates with apparent K-m, values of 31 mu M (GTP), 302 mu M (UTP), 528 mu M (CTP), and 1,158 mu M (ATP), Ribonucleoside di- and monophosphates and deoxyribonucleotides were not substrates, The protonophore m-chlorocarbonylcyanide phenylhydrazone abolished uptake of all nucleoside triphosphates by Npt2(Ct). This observation indicated that His(10)-Npt2(Ct) acts as a nucleosidetriphosphate/H+ symporter energized by the proton motive force across the Escherichia coli cytoplasmic membrane. We conclude that NDt1(Ct) provides chlamydiae with energy whereas Npt2(Ct) catalyzes the net uptake of ribonucleoside triphosphates required for anabolic reactions.
dc.description.sponsorshipNIAID NIH HHSUnited States Department of Health & Human ServicesNational Institutes of Health (NIH) - USANIH National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID) [R01 AI015035, AI-15035] Funding Source: Medline; NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASESUnited States Department of Health & Human ServicesNational Institutes of Health (NIH) - USANIH National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID) [R01AI015035] Funding Source: NIH RePORTER
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
dc.relation.ispartofJOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY
dc.subjectEXPRESSION
dc.subjectLYSINE TRANSPORT
dc.subjectMicrobiology
dc.subjectPROWAZEKII ATP/ADP TRANSLOCASE
dc.subjectPSITTACI
dc.subjectRICKETTSIA-PROWAZEKII
dc.subjectSEQUENCE
dc.subjectSYSTEM
dc.titleTwo nucleotide transport proteins in Chlamydia trachomatis, one for net nucleoside triphosphate uptake and the other for transport of energy
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1128/JB.181.4.1196-1202.1999
dc.identifier.isiISI:000078602700017
dc.description.volume181
dc.description.issue4
dc.description.startpage1196
dc.description.endpage1202
dc.identifier.eissn10985530
dc.publisher.place1752 N ST NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036-2904 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationJ. Bacteriol.
dcterms.oaStatusBronze, Green Published
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