The Feedback-related Negativity Reflects the Combination of Instantaneous and Long-term Values of Decision Outcomes

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorOsinsky, Roman
dc.contributor.authorUlrich, Natalie
dc.contributor.authorMussel, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorFeser, Lena
dc.contributor.authorGunawardena, Aruni
dc.contributor.authorHewig, Johannes
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:09:45Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:09:45Z-
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn0898929X
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/8978-
dc.description.abstractHundreds of ERP studies have reported a midfrontal negative-going amplitude shift following negative compared with positive action outcomes. This feedback-related negativity (FRN) effect is typically thought to reflect an early and binary mechanism of action evaluation in the posterior midcingulate cortex. However, in prior research on the FRN effect, the instantaneous value and the long-term value of action outcomes have been perfectly confounded. That is, instantaneously positive outcomes were generally consistent with task goals, whereas instantaneously negative outcomes were inconsistent with task goals. In this study, we disentangled these two outcome aspects in two experiments. Our results reveal an interaction of instantaneous and long-term outcome values. More precisely, our findings strongly suggest that the FRN effect is mainly driven by a reward positivity, which is evoked only by outcomes that possess an instantaneously positive value and also help the organism to reach its long-term goals. These findings add to a recent literature according to which the posterior midcingulate cortex acts as a hierarchical reinforcement learning system and suggest that this system integrates instant and long-term action-outcome values. This, in turn, might be crucial for learning optimal behavioral strategies in a given setting.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMIT PRESS
dc.relation.ispartofJOURNAL OF COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE
dc.subjectANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX
dc.subjectBAD OUTCOMES
dc.subjectBRAIN POTENTIALS
dc.subjectGAMBLING TASK
dc.subjectMEDIAL FRONTAL-CORTEX
dc.subjectNEURAL MECHANISMS
dc.subjectNeurosciences
dc.subjectNeurosciences & Neurology
dc.subjectPERFORMANCE FEEDBACK
dc.subjectPOSITIVITY
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Experimental
dc.subjectREWARD PREDICTION ERROR
dc.subjectTIME-ESTIMATION TASK
dc.titleThe Feedback-related Negativity Reflects the Combination of Instantaneous and Long-term Values of Decision Outcomes
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1162/jocn_a_01055
dc.identifier.isiISI:000395121100002
dc.description.volume29
dc.description.issue3
dc.description.startpage424
dc.description.endpage434
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-5010-5677
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-8400-189X
dc.contributor.researcheridAAG-4166-2019
dc.contributor.researcheridABI-1413-2020
dc.contributor.researcheridH-8840-2018
dc.identifier.eissn15308898
dc.publisher.placeONE ROGERS ST, CAMBRIDGE, MA 02142-1209 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationJ. Cogn. Neurosci.
crisitem.author.deptFB 08 - Humanwissenschaften-
crisitem.author.deptidfb08-
crisitem.author.parentorgUniversität Osnabrück-
crisitem.author.netidOsRo388-
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