Regulation of Involucrin in Psoriatic Epidermal Keratinocytes: The Roles of ERK1/2 and GSK-3 beta

Autor(en): Chen, Jia-Qi
Man, Xiao-Yong
Li, Wei
Zhou, Jiong
Landeck, Lilla
Cai, Sui-Qing
Zheng, Min
Stichwörter: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Biophysics; Cell Biology; CORNIFIED ENVELOPE; ERK1/2; EXPRESSION; GAMMA; GROWTH-FACTOR RECEPTORS; GSK-3 beta; Involucrin; Keratinocyte; OVEREXPRESSION; Psoriasis; SKIN; TNF-ALPHA; TRANSGLUTAMINASE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: HUMANA PRESS INC
Journal: CELL BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
Volumen: 66
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 523
Seitenende: 528
Zusammenfassung: 
Psoriasis, a common inflammatory skin disease, is characterized by epidermal hyperplasia, abnormal differentiation, angiogenesis, immune activation, and inflammation. Involucrin is an early terminal differentiation marker of epidermal keratinocytes. In this study, we determined the immunolocalization of involucrin in psoriatic lesions and normal skin of individuals without psoriasis by means of immunofluorescence (IF) assay. Furthermore, the regulation of involucrin by interleukin (IL)-13, IL-17A, endothelin (ET)-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and interferon (IFN)-gamma was investigated by Western blot. Extracellular regulate protein kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) and glycogen syntheses kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta) inhibitors were also included to define the roles of these signals in the production of involucrin in both psoriatic and normal keratinocytes. In psoriatic lesional skin, involucrin was detected in the stratum spinosum, but not in the basal or the cornified layer. In normal skin, involucrin was restricted to the granular layer and the upper stratum spinosum. IL-13, IL-17A, ET-1, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma up-regulate expression of involucrin in both psoriatic and normal keratinocytes. However, this effect was abolished by ERK1/2 and GSK-3 beta inhibitors. In conclusion, involucrin is up-regulated in psoriatic keratinocytes. IL-13, IL-17A, ET-1, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma could increase involucrin protein levels in psoriatic and normal keratinocytes. The ERK1/2 and GSK-3 beta signaling pathways may play positive roles in regulating epidermal differentiation as observed in psoriasis.
ISSN: 10859195
DOI: 10.1007/s12013-012-9499-y

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