Early socialization contexts and social experiences of infants in rural and urban Gujarat, India

Autor(en): Abels, M
Keller, H 
Mohite, P
Mankodi, H
Shastri, J
Bhargava, S
Jasrai, S
Lakhani, A
Stichwörter: CARE; CHILD; CULTURE; DETERMINANTS; infant state; nonmaternal caregiving; parenting; PATTERNS; Psychology; Psychology, Social; rural-urban comparison; SELF; spot observation
Erscheinungsdatum: 2005
Herausgeber: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Journal: JOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volumen: 36
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 717
Seitenende: 738
Zusammenfassung: 
In this study, the early social experiences of infants from a rural, traditionally agricultural community are compared with those of urban infants of the same region. Using spot observations, infants daily social experiences were assessed when they were about 3 months of age. Based on overarching sociocultural orientations, the authors expected rural and urban caregivers to provide their infants with the same amount of body contact, kissing, and body stimulation. Based on different educational profiles of the caregivers, less eye-to-eye contact, exclusive attention, and object stimulation by rural compared to urban caregivers were expected. Differences between mothers and other caregivers in their interaction with the infant and during distress and nondistress waking states of the infant were explored. The results confirmed their expectations partially. Urban infants experienced more eye-to-eye contact and more exclusive attention but also more body contact. There were no differences in kissing, body stimulation, and object stimulation.
ISSN: 00220221
DOI: 10.1177/0022022105280511

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