Maternal sensitivity in interactions with three- and 12-month-old infants: Stability, structural composition, and developmental consequences

Autor(en): Lohaus, A
Keller, H 
Ball, J
Voelker, S
Elben, C
Stichwörter: AMERICAN; BEHAVIOR; EXPERIENCES; METAANALYSIS; MODELS; MOTHER ATTACHMENT RELATIONSHIP; PREDICTORS; Psychology; Psychology, Developmental; Q-SORT; RETHINKING; SECURITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2004
Herausgeber: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD
Journal: INFANT AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT
Volumen: 13
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 235
Seitenende: 252
Zusammenfassung: 
This study addresses three topics related to the structural components of maternal sensitivity: (a) The stability of sensitivity over a nine-month period, N the predictability of maternal sensitivity assessed at 12 months from early parameters of parenting and (c) the relation between maternal sensitivity and developmental outcomes assessed at 12 months. Maternal sensitivity and its components (signal perception, correct interpretation, prompt, and appropriate reaction) were evaluated for 60 mother-infant-dyads when their infants were aged three and 12 months. Additional parameters of early parenting were maternal emotional warmth and behavioural contingency. Developmental outcome measures were the amount of infant crying and the quality of attachment at twelve months. The results showed close correlations between the sensitivity components suggesting a unidimensional structure for maternal sensitivity. The sensitivity assessments were significantly related to measures of maternal warmth. Stability of maternal sensitivity over time was, however, quite low. There was no relation between the early sensitivity assessments and later developmental outcomes, whereas there was a significant relation between the sensitivity parameters assessed at twelve months and developmental outcomes. The results indicate changes in the meaning of maternal sensitivity during infants' development. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
ISSN: 15227227
DOI: 10.1002/icd.351

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