Differential and regulated binding of cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C isoenzymes to gravin in human model neurons - Evidence that gravin provides a dynamic platform for the localization of kinases during neuronal development
|BETA(2)-ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; CELLS; COMPLEXES; EXPRESSION; MICROTUBULE; PHOSPHORYLATION; SCAFFOLD; SUBSTRATE; SYSTEM; TAU
|AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
|JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
The membrane cortex has an important role in generating and maintaining spatially and functionally distinct domains in neurons. As a tool to functionally characterize molecules of the membrane cortex, we generated novel monoclonal antibodies against a fraction enriched for components of the neuronal membrane skeleton. We obtained two antibodies against the kinase-anchoring protein gravin. Gravin was strongly up-regulated during differentiation of human model neurons (NT2-N neurons) and was enriched at the inner peripheral cortex in close proximity to the plasma membrane where its localization primarily depended on association with membranes. In differentiated neurons, gravin colocalized in putative signaling complexes with protein kinase C (PKCbetaII) and partially with PKCalpha and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). Colocalization with PKCepsilon was not observed. PKCbetaII, PKCalpha, and PKA but not PKCepsilon coprecipitated with gravin indicating physical interaction. Binding of gravin to PKCalpha required the presence of Ca2+ and was increased after inhibition of PKC. In contrast, binding of PKCbetaII and PKA were independent of Ca2+ and PKC inhibition. Activation of PKC decreased binding of PKCalpha to gravin, decreased its association with the plasma membrane, and reduced the mean size of gravin particles. Taken together the data suggest that gravin provides a dynamic platform to localize kinases in an isoenzyme-specific and activation-dependent manner at specific sites in neurons.
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checked on Feb 25, 2024