Recall and recognition hypermnesia for Socratic stimuli

Autor(en): Kazen, Miguel
Solis-Macias, Victor M.
Stichwörter: Abstract; ARP hypothesis; Concrete; Episodic memory; GENERATION; GROWTH; Hypermnesia; MEMORY; PERCEPTION; PICTURES; Psychology; Psychology, Experimental; Recall; Recognition; REMINISCENCE; Socratic stimuli; TIME; TRIALS; WORDS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Journal: MEMORY
Volumen: 24
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 128
Seitenende: 145
In two experiments, we investigate hypermnesia, net memory improvements with repeated testing of the same material after a single study trial. In the first experiment, we found hypermnesia across three trials for the recall of word solutions to Socratic stimuli (dictionary-like definitions of concepts) replicating Erdelyi, Buschke, and Finkelstein and, for the first time using these materials, for their recognition. In the second experiment, we had two yes/no recognition groups, a Socratic stimuli group presented with concrete and abstract verbal materials and a word-only control group. Using signal detection measures, we found hypermnesia for concrete Socratic stimuliand stable performance for abstract stimuli across three recognition tests. The control group showed memory decrements across tests. We interpret these findings with the alternative retrieval pathways (ARP) hypothesis, contrasting it with alternative theories of hypermnesia, such as depth of processing, generation and retrieve-recognise. We conclude that recognition hypermnesia for concrete Socratic stimuli is a reliable phenomenon, which we found in two experiments involving both forced-choice and yes/no recognition procedures.
ISSN: 09658211
DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2014.990981

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