Prevalence of foot eczema and associated occupational and non-occupational factors in patients with hand eczema

Autor(en): Brans, Richard 
Huebner, Anja
Gediga, Guenther
John, Swen M. 
Stichwörter: Allergy; ATOPIC-DERMATITIS; CLASSIFICATION; Dermatology; foot eczema; irritant contact dermatitis; MULTICENTER; occupational; OPTIMIZATION; PALMOPLANTAR; POPULATION; QUALITY-ASSURANCE; REHABILITATION; SKIN DISEASES; TOBACCO SMOKING
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Herausgeber: WILEY
Journal: CONTACT DERMATITIS
Volumen: 73
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 100
Seitenende: 107
Zusammenfassung: 
BackgroundFoot eczema often occurs in combination with hand eczema. However, in contrast to the situation with hand eczema, knowledge about foot eczema is scarce, especially in occupational settings. ObjectiveTo evaluate the prevalence of foot eczema and associated factors in patients with hand eczema taking part in a tertiary individual prevention programme for occupational skin diseases. Patients/materials/methodsIn a retrospective cohort study, the medical records of 843 patients taking part in the tertiary individual prevention programme were evaluated. ResultsSeven hundred and twenty-three patients (85.8%) suffered from hand eczema. Among these, 201 patients (27.8%) had concomitant foot eczema, mainly atopic foot eczema (60.4%). An occupational irritant component was possible in 38 patients with foot eczema (18.9%). In the majority of patients, the same morphological features were found on the hands and feet (71.1%). The presence of foot eczema was significantly associated with male sex [odds ratio (OR) 1.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.29-2.49], atopic hand eczema (OR 1.60, 95%CI: 1.15-2.22), hyperhidrosis (OR 1.73, 95%CI: 1.33-2.43), and the wearing of safety shoes/boots at work (OR 2.04, 95%CI: 1.46-2.87). Tobacco smoking was associated with foot eczema (OR 1.79, 95%CI: 1.25-2.57), in particular with the vesicular subtype. ConclusionsFoot eczema is common in patients with hand eczema, and is related to both occupational and non-occupational factors.
ISSN: 01051873
DOI: 10.1111/cod.12370

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