Salmonella enterica: a surprisingly well-adapted intracellular lifestyle

Autor(en): Dandekar, Thomas
Fieselmann, Astrid
Popp, Jasmin
Hensel, Michael 
Stichwörter: CARBON METABOLISM; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; GENE; GENOME; GLUCOSE; INFECTION; metabolism; METHYLGLYOXAL; Microbiology; MUTANTS; regulation; Salmonella-containing vacuole; SEROVAR TYPHIMURIUM; VIRULENCE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2012
Herausgeber: FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Journal: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY
Volumen: 3
Zusammenfassung: 
The infectious intracellular lifestyle of Salmonella enterica relies on the adaptation to nutritional conditions within the Salmonella-containing vacuole (SCV) in host cells. We summarize latest results on metabolic requirements for Salmonella during infection. This includes intracellular phenotypes of mutant strains based on metabolic modeling and experimental tests, isotopolog profiling using C-13-compounds in intracellular Salmonella, and complementation of metabolic defects for attenuated mutant strains towards a comprehensive understanding of the metabolic requirements of the intracellular lifestyle of Salmonella. Helpful for this are also genomic comparisons. We outline further recent studies and which analyses of intracellular phenotypes and improved metabolic simulations were done and comment on technical required steps as well as progress involved in the iterative refinement of metabolic flux models, analyses of mutant phenotypes, and isotopolog analyses. Salmonella lifestyle is well-adapted to the SCV and its specific metabolic requirements. Salmonella metabolism adapts rapidly to SCV conditions, the metabolic generalist Salmonella is quite successful in host infection.
DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2012.00164

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