Brownian particles on rough substrates: Relation between intermediate subdiffusion and asymptotic long-time diffusion
|Hanes, Richard D. L.
Egelhaaf, Stefan U.
|ANOMALOUS DIFFUSION; COLLOIDS; DYNAMICS; LIQUIDS; MICROSCOPY; Physics; Physics, Fluids & Plasmas; Physics, Mathematical; RANDOM-WALKS; SINGLE-FILE DIFFUSION; TRANSPORT
|AMER PHYSICAL SOC
|PHYSICAL REVIEW E
Brownian particles in random potentials show an extended regime of subdiffusive dynamics at intermediate times. The asymptotic diffusive behavior is often established at very long times and thus cannot be accessed in experiments or simulations. For the case of one-dimensional random potentials with Gaussian distributed energies, we present a detailed analysis of experimental and simulation data. It is shown that the asymptotic long-time diffusion coefficient can be related to the behavior at intermediate times, namely, the minimum of the exponent that characterizes subdiffusion and hence corresponds to the maximum degree of subdiffusion. As a consequence, investigating only the dynamics at intermediate times is sufficient to predict the order of magnitude of the long-time diffusion coefficient and the time scale at which the crossover from subdiffusion to diffusion occurs, i.e., when the long-time diffusive regime and hence thermal equilibrium is established. Inversely, theoretical predictions derived for the asymptotic long-time behavior can be used to quantitatively characterize the intermediate behavior, which hardly has been studied so far.
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