Genetic consequences of animal translocations: A case study using the field cricket, Gryllus campestris L.

Autor(en): Witzenberger, K. A.
Hochkirch, A.
Stichwörter: Biodiversity & Conservation; Biodiversity Conservation; Conservation genetics; DIFFERENTIATION; DIVERSITY; Ecology; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Founder effect; HABITAT FRAGMENTATION; Insect conservation; MANAGEMENT; Microsatellite; MICROSATELLITE LOCI; ORTHOPTERA; Population genetics; POPULATION-STRUCTURE; POSTCOPULATORY INBREEDING AVOIDANCE; REINTRODUCTION; SEX DETERMINATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2008
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Journal: BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION
Volumen: 141
Ausgabe: 12
Startseite: 3059
Seitenende: 3068
Zusammenfassung: 
Animal relocations have become a common tool in nature conservation, but the genetic consequences of such projects have rarely been studied in insects. As both natural and artificial formation of new populations may lead to genetic drift (founder effect), decreased genetic diversity and increased rates of inbreeding, genetic analyses can provide valuable information to evaluate the success of a relocation project. The field cricket (Gryllus campestris) has been subjected to reintroduction and translocation projects in England and northern Germany. Here, we present a microsatellite study on the population genetics of one recently established population of this species in comparison with several older populations and some recently colonized sites. our results show that the translocation did not result in a significant loss of genetic diversity, when compared to source and other natural populations suggesting that translocation. of a high number of nymphs from different subpopulations may be a suitable method to decrease the loss of genetic diversity and reduce the risk of inbreeding. Furthermore, the translocation had no negative effect on the source population, which reached a new maximum population size in 2006. An assignment test showed that individuals from the translocated population (F4 generation) were still assigned to the source populations, whereas two young subpopulations that originated by natural colonization from the central population about ten years ago already formed separate genetic clusters. As the strong fragmentation of G. campestris populations in northern Germany hampers natural colonization of newly created potential habitats, translocation projects seem to be an appropriate method to preserve this species. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00063207
DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2008.09.017

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