Children's Counterfactual Reasoning About Causally Overdetermined Events

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorNyhout, Angela
dc.contributor.authorHenke, Lena
dc.contributor.authorGanea, Patricia A.
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:10:35Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:10:35Z-
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn00093920
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/9304-
dc.description.abstractIn two experiments, one hundred and sixty-two 6- to 8-year-olds were asked to reason counterfactually about events with different causal structures. All events involved overdetermined outcomes in which two different causal events led to the same outcome. In Experiment 1, children heard stories with either an ambiguous causal relation between events or causally unrelated events. Children in the causally unrelated version performed better than chance and better than those in the ambiguous condition. In Experiment 2, children heard stories in which antecedent events were causally connected or causally disconnected. Eight-year-olds performed above chance in both conditions, whereas 6-year-olds performed above chance only in the connected condition. This work provides the first evidence that children can reason counterfactually in causally overdetermined contexts by age 8.
dc.description.sponsorshipInsight Grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada; Early Researcher Award from the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation; This research was funded by an Insight Grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and an Early Researcher Award from the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation to Patricia A. Ganea. We are grateful to the children and parents in the Greater Toronto Area who participated in this research. We thank Krisma Saini for assisting with data collection, and Maggie Hong, Lynn Nguyen, and Hilary Sweatman for assistance with coding. We also thank Brian Leahy for helpful feedback on an earlier version of this article.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherWILEY
dc.relation.ispartofCHILD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subjectFALSE BELIEF
dc.subjectJUDGMENTS
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Developmental
dc.subjectPsychology, Educational
dc.subjectREGRET
dc.subjectTHINKING
dc.titleChildren's Counterfactual Reasoning About Causally Overdetermined Events
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/cdev.12913
dc.identifier.isiISI:000460664900027
dc.description.volume90
dc.description.issue2
dc.description.startpage610
dc.description.endpage622
dc.identifier.eissn14678624
dc.publisher.place111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationChild Dev.
dcterms.oaStatusGreen Accepted
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