REGULATION OF NADP-DEPENDENT GLYCERALDEHYDE-3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE-ACTIVITY IN SPINACH-CHLOROPLASTS
|3-PHOSPHOGLYCERATE REDUCTION; ACTIVATION; CHLOROPLAST; LEAVES; LIGHT-DARK MODULATION; MOLECULAR MASS CHANGES; NADP-GLYCERALDEHYDE 3-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE; PHOSPHATE; Plant Sciences; SPINACH (SPINACIA OLERACEA L); SUBUNIT STRUCTURE
|GEORG THIEME VERLAG
Activation of NAD(P)-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP-GAPDH, EC 126.96.36.199) can be achieved in isolated chloroplasts in the light, or in the dark upon addition of dithiothreitol (DTT) and/or 3-phosphoglycerate plus ATP. Activation in darkened chloroplasts is only partial with DTT or 3-phosphoglycerate plus ATP alone, but complete when both effecters are added. In the light, full activation is only achieved upon addition of ATP. The time-course of activation appears to depend upon the actual concentration of 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate (1,3bisPGA) inside the chloroplasts. The K-a values for 1,3bisPGA are in the same range as has been determined for the purified enzyme, namely around 20 mu M for the dark form (in the absence of DTT) and around 1 mu M for the light form or in the presence of DTT. In contrast, the K-a value for ATP is 1 to 2 mM for both the oxidized and the reduced enzyme forms. The observed activation of NADP-GAPDH is strongly paralleled by an increase of 3PGA, and consequently of 1,3bisPGA in the illuminated chloroplast, while the ATP level remains constant or declines. Activation by 1,3bisPGA is accompanied by dissociation of the 600 kDa form to the 150 kDa form, while reduction alone does not induce a shift in molecular mass as documented by fast gel filtration on Superdex 200. Thus partial activation by DTT in the dark is due to an increased activity of the 600 kDa form, while the activation state in the light is the result of a partial conversion of the 600 kDa form into the more active 150 kDa form. The principle of this activation is a fast reduction of the enzyme by the ferredoxin/thioredoxin system, resulting in a lowered K-a value for 1,3bisPGA, and thus adjusting the properties of the enzyme to the stromal 1,3bisPGA level. The occurrence of a 300 kDa oligomer mainly during inactivation has also been observed. From these results a model is constructed that describes the reversible interconversion of various activation and aggregation states of NADP-GAPDH as observed upon light/dark transitions in isolated spinach chloroplasts.
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checked on Mar 2, 2024