Attachment as a Collective Resource: Attachment Networks During Middle Childhood in a Cameroonian Clan

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorBecke, Sophia Daphne
dc.contributor.authorBongard, Stephan
dc.contributor.authorKeller, Heidi
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:10:47Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:10:47Z-
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn00220221
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/9394-
dc.description.abstractAttachment theory is commonly used to investigate children's psychosocial development. To demonstrate cultural variability and to advance the idea of attachment as a collective resource, we assessed children's attachment networks during middle childhood among the Nseh, a Cameroonian clan with distinct concepts of family and childhood. Using photo elicitation interviews, we used an exploratory approach to investigate the structural and functional composition of these networks and to generate a comprehensive overview. Participants were 11 children (six girls and five boys), aged 6 to 10 years. Children took photos of individuals who were important to them and with whom they felt safe, comfortable, and at ease. Then, in follow-up interviews they were asked to characterize their attachment figures on sociostructural dimensions and to elaborate how those individuals made them feel comfortable and safe. Transcripts of the interviews were coded using ethnographic strategies. Initial descriptive codes were analyzed concerning key terms, semantic relationships, and their context of meaning, before assigning higher level codes to generate distinct main categories of functionality. Children described attachment networks that were structurally adapted to concepts of social ties and interactional norms of the clan. Concerning their functionality, children differentiated between peers, responsible for overt emotional needs, and adults, providing nutritional care. We conclude that this pattern reflects sources of security and concepts of care of the distinct developmental environment. We discuss the importance of context-specific and comprehensive approaches to attachment, moving beyond Eurocentric monotropic concepts, with the goal of developing a complex understanding of childhood across ecocultural settings.
dc.description.sponsorshipGerman National Academic Foundation; Association of the Friends and Supporters of the Goethe University Frankfurt; The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The study was funded by a scholarship of the German National Academic Foundation and further support from the Association of the Friends and Supporters of the Goethe University Frankfurt.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
dc.relation.ispartofJOURNAL OF CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
dc.subjectattachment
dc.subjectCameroon
dc.subjectdevelopment: child/adolescent
dc.subjectfamily/child rearing
dc.subjectFIGURES
dc.subjectmiddle childhood
dc.subjectphoto elicitation interviews
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Social
dc.subjectsocial networks
dc.subjectSOCIALIZATION
dc.titleAttachment as a Collective Resource: Attachment Networks During Middle Childhood in a Cameroonian Clan
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0022022118814686
dc.identifier.isiISI:000455850000004
dc.description.volume50
dc.description.issue2
dc.description.startpage200
dc.description.endpage219
dc.identifier.eissn15525422
dc.publisher.place2455 TELLER RD, THOUSAND OAKS, CA 91320 USA
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationJ. Cross-Cult. Psychol.
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