Differences in practices of body stimulation during the first 3 months: Ethnotheories and behaviors of Italian mothers and West African immigrant mothers

Autor(en): Carra, Cecilia
Lavelli, Manuela
Keller, Heidi
Stichwörter: BICULTURAL IDENTITY; Body stimulation; CAMEROONIAN NSO; CARE; GERMAN MIDDLE-CLASS; Immigration; INFANTS; MATERNAL TOUCH; MOTOR DEVELOPMENT; Motor stimulation; Parenting ethnotheories; PARENTING STRATEGIES; Psychology; Psychology, Developmental; TACTILE STIMULATION; TO-FACE COMMUNICATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2014
Herausgeber: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Journal: INFANT BEHAVIOR & DEVELOPMENT
Volumen: 37
Ausgabe: 1
Startseite: 5
Seitenende: 15
Zusammenfassung: 
This study investigated cultural differences, continuity and change of practices concerning body stimulation in a context of immigration. Parenting behaviors during the interaction with infants at 4, 8 and 12 weeks, and parenting ethnotheories at 12 weeks of first-generation West African immigrant mothers in Italy and autochthonous Italian mothers were compared. A qualitative inspection of ethnotheories using a thematic approach was included. As expected, results showed that immigrant mothers placed more emphasis on motor stimulation and showed longer durations of rhythmic motor and rhythmic tactile behaviors than Italian mothers; the latter placed more emphasis on tactile stimulation than immigrant mothers. The practice of motor stimulation in immigrant mothers was also adapted to values of the new context of life, becoming a positive interaction game with a mutual exchange of positive emotions. Findings express the complexity of a multidimensional process of acculturation. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 01636383
DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2013.10.004

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