Threshold harvesting as a conservation or exploitation strategy in population management

Autor(en): Hilker, Frank M.
Liz, Eduardo
Stichwörter: CHAOS; DYNAMICS; Ecology; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Fixed escapement; FLUCTUATING POPULATIONS; Harvest control rule; Intervention frequency; Maximum sustainable yield; MODEL; Pest control; POLICIES; Population cycles; RECRUITMENT; RESOURCE; Stability; SUSTAINABILITY; SUSTAINED YIELDS; SYSTEMS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Journal: THEORETICAL ECOLOGY
Volumen: 13
Ausgabe: 4
Startseite: 519
Seitenende: 536
Zusammenfassung: 
Threshold harvesting removes the surplus of a population above a set threshold and takes no harvest below the threshold. This harvesting strategy is known to prevent overexploitation while obtaining higher yields than other harvesting strategies. However, the harvest taken can vary over time, including seasons of no harvest at all. While this is undesirable in fisheries or other exploitation activities, it can be an attractive feature of management strategies where removal interventions are costly and desirable only occasionally. In the presence of population fluctuations, the issue of variable harvests and population sizes becomes even more notorious. Here, we investigate the impact of threshold harvesting on the dynamics of both population size and harvests, especially in the presence of population cycles. We take into account semelparous and iteroparous life cycles, Allee effects, observation uncertainty, and demographic as well as environmental stochasticity, using generic mathematical models in discrete time. Our results show that threshold harvesting enhances multiple forms of population stability, namely persistence, constancy, resilience, and dynamic stability. We discuss plausible choices of threshold values, depending on whether the aim is resource exploitation, pest control, or the stabilization of fluctuations.
ISSN: 18741738
DOI: 10.1007/s12080-020-00465-8

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