Photorefractive properties of lithium and copper in-diffused lithium niobate crystals

Autor(en): Imbrock, J
Wirp, A
Kip, D
Kratzig, E
Berben, D
Stichwörter: ABSORPTION EDGE; COMPOSITION DEPENDENCE; INDUCED CHARGE-TRANSPORT; LINBO3; Optics
Erscheinungsdatum: 2002
Herausgeber: OPTICAL SOC AMER
Journal: JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS
Volumen: 19
Ausgabe: 8
Startseite: 1822
Seitenende: 1829
Zusammenfassung: 
Near-stoichiometric copper-doped lithium niobate crystals are fabricated by in-diffusion of thin layers of evaporated copper and a subsequent vapor transport equilibration treatment. The crystals are heated in a Li-rich atmosphere to increase the Li content. To determine the photorefractive properties, holographic as well as electrical measurements are performed. Saturation values of the refractive-index changes Deltan(S), bulk photovoltaic current densities j(phv), photoconductivities sigma(ph), and holographic sensitivities S are measured for light intensities up to 10(4) W/m(2). Comparison with experimental data of congruent crystals indicates that the specific photoconductivity is 15 times larger after a vapor transport equilibration treatment. The specific bulk photovoltaic coefficient beta* is 2 times larger, refractive-index changes are 7 times smaller, and the holographic sensitivity is up to 4 times larger. (C) 2002 Optical Society of America.
ISSN: 07403224
DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.19.001822

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