5-Aza-7-deazaguanine-Isoguanine and Guanine-Isoguanine Base Pairs in Watson-Crick DNA: The Impact of Purine Tracts, Clickable Dendritic Side Chains, and Pyrene Adducts

Autor(en): Zhang, Aigui
Kondhare, Dasharath
Leonard, Peter
Seela, Frank
Stichwörter: Chemistry; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; DNA; molecular recognition; nucleosides; oligonucleotides; purine base pairing; purine&#8211
Erscheinungsdatum: 2021
Herausgeber: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Journal: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL
Volumen: 27
Ausgabe: 26
Startseite: 7453
Seitenende: 7466
Zusammenfassung: 
The Watson-Crick coding system depends on the molecular recognition of complementary purine and pyrimidine bases. Now, the construction of hybrid DNAs with Watson-Crick and purine-purine base pairs decorated with dendritic side chains was performed. Oligonucleotides with single and multiple incorporations of 5-aza-7-deaza-2 `-deoxyguanosine, its tripropargylamine derivative, and 2 `-deoxyisoguanosine were synthesized. Duplex stability decreased if single modified purine-purine base pairs were inserted, but increased if pyrene residues were introduced by click chemistry. A growing number of consecutive 5-aza-7-deazaguanine-isoguanine base pairs led to strong stepwise duplex stabilization, a phenomenon not observed for the guanine-isoguanine base pair. Spacious residues are well accommodated in the large groove of purine-purine DNA tracts. Changes to the global helical structure monitored by circular dichroism spectroscopy show the impact of functionalization to the global double-helix structure. This study explores new areas of molecular recognition realized by purine base pairs that are complementary in hydrogen bonding, but not in size, relative to canonical pairs.
ISSN: 09476539
DOI: 10.1002/chem.202005199

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