Gender Differences in Psychophysiological Responses to Disgust

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorRohrmann, Sonja
dc.contributor.authorHopp, Henrik
dc.contributor.authorQuirin, Markus
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T16:11:16Z-
dc.date.available2021-12-23T16:11:16Z-
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.issn02698803
dc.identifier.urihttps://osnascholar.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/unios/9612-
dc.description.abstractSeveral studies have revealed that women report stronger feelings of disgust than men (Gross & Levenson, 1995; Schienle, Schafer, Stark, Walter, & Vaitl, 2005). However, the extent to which this gender difference also influences physiological disgust responses remains an open question. In Experiment 1, 54 female and 41 male participants were exposed to slides of different disgust-content. In Experiment 2, 47 women and 53 men watched two film clips showing hygiene-related or food-related disgust stimuli, respectively. Differences between males and females in reported and physiological disgust responses (heart rate, electrodermal activity, salivary cortisol, secretory immunoglobulin A) were tested by analysis of variance. Replicating previous studies, women reported stronger feelings of disgust than men across all disgust inductions. Additionally, in Study 1, women showed a higher increase in skin conductance level than men. In conclusion, gender moderates subjective responses to disgust, whereas physiological disgust responses are only marginally moderated by gender. Gender stereotypes as an explanation for the results are discussed.
dc.description.sponsorshipDeutsche ForschungsgesellschaftGerman Research Foundation (DFG); This study was supported by the ``Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft.''
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherHOGREFE & HUBER PUBLISHERS
dc.relation.ispartofJOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
dc.subjectAGE
dc.subjectcortisol
dc.subjectdisgust
dc.subjectelectrodermal activity
dc.subjectEMOTION
dc.subjectEXPRESSION
dc.subjectFEAR
dc.subjectgender
dc.subjectheart rate
dc.subjectMODULATION
dc.subjectNeurosciences
dc.subjectNeurosciences & Neurology
dc.subjectPICTURES
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectPsychology, Biological
dc.subjectQUESTIONNAIRE
dc.subjectSENSITIVITY
dc.subjectSEX-DIFFERENCES
dc.subjectsIgA
dc.subjectSPECIFICITY
dc.titleGender Differences in Psychophysiological Responses to Disgust
dc.typejournal article
dc.identifier.doi10.1027/0269-8803.22.2.65
dc.identifier.isiISI:000267843200001
dc.description.volume22
dc.description.issue2
dc.description.startpage65
dc.description.endpage75
dc.identifier.eissn21512124
dc.publisher.placeMERKELSTR 3, D-37085 GOTTINGEN, GERMANY
dcterms.isPartOf.abbreviationJ. Psychophysiol.
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