Magnetization dynamics in clean and disordered spin-1 XXZ chains

Autor(en): Richter, Jonas
Casper, Niklas
Brenig, Wolfram
Steinigeweg, Robin 
Stichwörter: ANTIFERROMAGNET; CHAOS; DIFFUSION; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics; Physics, Applied; Physics, Condensed Matter; QUANTUM; RENORMALIZATION-GROUP; STATISTICAL-MECHANICS; SYSTEM; TEMPERATURE; THERMALIZATION; TRANSPORT
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Volumen: 100
Ausgabe: 14
We study spin transport in the one-dimensional anisotropic S = 1 Heisenberg model. Particular emphasis is given to dynamics at infinite temperature, where current autocorrelations and spatiotemporal correlation functions are obtained by means of an efficient pure-state approach based on the concept of typicality. Our comprehensive numerical analysis unveils that high-temperature spin transport is diffusive in the easy-axis regime for strong exchange anisotropies. This finding is based on the combination of numerous signatures, such as (i) Gaussian spreading of correlations, (ii) a time-independent diffusion coefficient, (iii) power-law decay of equal-site correlations, (iv) exponentially decaying long-wavelength modes, and (v) Lorentzian line shapes of the dynamical structure factor. Moreover, we provide evidence that some of these signatures are not exclusively restricted to the infinite-temperature limit but can persist at lower temperatures as well, where we complement our results by additional quantum Monte Carlo simulations of large systems. In contrast to the easy-axis regime, we show that in the case of an isotropic chain, the signatures (i)-(v) are much less pronounced or even entirely absent, suggesting the existence of anomalous spin transport despite the nonintegrability of the model. Eventually, upon introducing a random on-site magnetic field, we observe a breakdown of diffusion and distinctly slower dynamics. In particular, our results exhibit qualitative similarities to disordered spin-1/2 chains and might be consistent with the onset of many-body localization in the S = 1 model for sufficiently strong disorder.
ISSN: 24699950
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.100.144423

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