Effects of Short Practice of Climbing on Barriers Self-Efficacy within a Physical Education and Sport Intervention in Germany

Autor(en): Krueger, Mirko
Seng, Christiane
Stichwörter: barriers self-efficacy; belaying; BENEFITS; CHILDREN; EXERCISE; field experiment; FITNESS; Germany; indoor wall climbing; physical activity; physical education and sport; PROGRAM; PROMOTION; SCHOOL; SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY; Sport Sciences
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: MDPI
Journal: SPORTS
Volumen: 7
Ausgabe: 4
Zusammenfassung: 
The study examined the effects of an indoor wall climbing intervention within the context of a regular Physical Education and Sport (PES) program on barriers self-efficacy (SE) of adolescents in Germany. The study used a field experiment with a wait-list control group. Seventy-eight 8th-graders were included (age: 14.41 /- 0.71 years), with 37 randomly assigned for the intervention group and 41 for the control group. The intervention group participated in two half-day indoor wall climbing excursions (duration: 180 min each) based on SE building strategies. Both groups were pre-and post-tested in SE of indoor wall climbing and belaying. The control group did not receive any treatment before post-test. After the intervention, significant improvements were found in the experimental group on SE of belaying (F(1,76) = 23.45, p = 0.000, 2p = 0.24) using repeated-measures ANOVA. This study provides the first evidence from a German PES field experiment on increasing an important SE facet related to indoor wall climbing among 8th-graders. The program may be improved and further analyzed to install a short-term method to achieve one important educational goal within ordinary PES programs in Germany and to contribute to the personal development of the students.
ISSN: 20754663
DOI: 10.3390/sports7040081

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