Stress research during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond

Autor(en): Pfeifer, Lena Sophie
Heyers, Katrin
Ocklenburg, Sebastian
Wolf, Oliver T.
Stichwörter: Behavioral Sciences; Chronic stress; Corona virus; CORTISOL RESPONSES; COVID-19; DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS; Ecological field research; HPA AXIS RESPONSIVENESS; MENTAL-HEALTH; NEUROENDOCRINE RESPONSES; Neurosciences; Neurosciences & Neurology; Online studies; PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS; PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS; SALIVARY ALPHA-AMYLASE; SOCIAL-EVALUATIVE THREAT; Stress research; Stress-related mental disorders; Trier social stress test (TSST); Virtual reality; VIRTUAL-REALITY EXPOSURE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2021
Herausgeber: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Journal: NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS
Volumen: 131
Startseite: 581
Seitenende: 596
Zusammenfassung: 
The COVID-19 pandemic confronts stress researchers in psychology and neuroscience with unique challenges. Widely used experimental paradigms such as the Trier Social Stress Test feature physical social encounters to induce stress by means of social-evaluative threat. As lockdowns and contact restrictions currently prevent inperson meetings, established stress induction paradigms are often difficult to use. Despite these challenges, stress research is of pivotal importance as the pandemic will likely increase the prevalence of stress-related mental disorders. Therefore, we review recent research trends like virtual reality, pre-recordings and online adaptations regarding their usefulness for established stress induction paradigms. Such approaches are not only crucial for stress research during COVID-19 but will likely stimulate the field far beyond the pandemic. They may facilitate research in new contexts and in homebound or movement-restricted participant groups. Moreover, they allow for new experimental variations that may advance procedures as well as the conceptualization of stress itself. While posing challenges for stress researchers undeniably, the COVID-19 pandemic may evolve into a driving force for progress eventually.
ISSN: 01497634
DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.09.045

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