Homeostatic regulation upon changes of enzyme activities in the Calvin cycle as an example for general mechanisms of flux control. What can we expect from transgenic plants?

Autor(en): Fridlyand, LE
Backhausen, JE
Scheibe, R 
Stichwörter: 3-PHOSPHOGLYCERATE REDUCTION; ANTISENSE RNA; C-3 PLANTS; CO2 ASSIMILATION; GROWTH; metabolic control analysis; PHOSPHORIBULOKINASE ACTIVITY; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; Plant Sciences; POTATO PLANTS; RIBULOSE-1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE-OXYGENASE; TOBACCO PLANTS
Erscheinungsdatum: 1999
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Journal: PHOTOSYNTHESIS RESEARCH
Volumen: 61
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 227
Seitenende: 239
Zusammenfassung: 
In order to explain the mechanisms of Calvin-cycle regulation, the general properties of metabolic systems under homeostatic flux control are analyzed. It is shown that the main characteristic point for an enzyme in such a system can be the value of a sharp transition from some constant homeostatic flux to a limitation by this enzyme. A special method for the quantitative treatment of the experimental dependence of a metabolic flux such as photosynthesis on enzyme content is developed. It is pointed out that reactions close to a thermodynamic equilibrium under normal conditions can considerably limit the homeostatic fluxes with a decrease of the enzyme content. Calvin-cycle enzymes are classified as non-limiting, near-limiting and limiting. The deduced rules for the regulation of a homeostatic metabolic pathway are used to explain the data obtained for transgenic plants with reduced activities of Calvin-cycle enzymes. The role of compensating mechanisms that maintain the photosynthesis rate constant upon the changes of enzyme contents is analyzed for the Calvin cycle. The developed analysis explains the sharp transitions between limiting and non-limiting conditions that can be seen in transgenic plants with reduced content of some Calvin-cycle enzymes, and the limiting role of such reversible enzymes as aldolase, transketolase and others. The attempt is made to predict the properties of plants with increased enzyme contents in the Calvin cycle.
ISSN: 01668595
DOI: 10.1023/A:1006342812049

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