Evidential Strength of Intonational Cues and Rational Adaptation to (Un-)Reliable Intonation

Autor(en): Roettger, Timo B.
Franke, Michael 
Stichwörter: ACCENT; COMPREHENSION; EYE-MOVEMENTS; INFORMATION; Intonation; Mouse tracking; PERCEPTUAL ADAPTATION; Probabilistic modeling; PROSODY; Psychology; Psychology, Experimental; Rational predictive processing; SPEECH; Speech adaptation; SPOKEN-LANGUAGE; TIME; TRACKING
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Herausgeber: WILEY
Band: 43
Ausgabe: 7
Intonation plays an integral role in comprehending spoken language. Listeners can rapidly integrate intonational information to predictively map a given pitch accent onto the speaker's likely referential intentions. We use mouse tracking to investigate two questions: (a) how listeners draw predictive inferences based on information from intonation? and (b) how listeners adapt their online interpretation of intonational cues when these are reliable or unreliable? We formulate a novel Bayesian model of rational predictive cue integration and explore predictions derived under a concrete linking hypothesis relating a quantitative notion of evidential strength of a cue to the moment in time, relative to the unfolding speech signal, at which mouse trajectories turn towards the eventually selected option. In order to capture rational belief updates after concrete observations of a speaker's behavior, we formulate and explore an extension of this model that includes the listener's hierarchical beliefs about the speaker's likely production behavior. Our results are compatible with the assumption that listeners rapidly and rationally integrate all available intonational information, that they expect reliable intonational information initially, and that they adapt these initial expectations gradually during exposition to unreliable input. All materials, data, and scripts can be retrieved here:
ISSN: 03640213
DOI: 10.1111/cogs.12745

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