The chloroplast protein import channel Toc75: Pore properties and interaction with transit peptides

Autor(en): Hinnah, SC
Wagner, R 
Sveshnikova, N
Harrer, R
Soll, J
Stichwörter: ACID CHAIN; BILAYER-MEMBRANES; Biophysics; ENVELOPE MEMBRANES; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; ION CHANNELS; MITOCHONDRIAL; OUTER-MEMBRANE; PHOSPHOLIPID-VESICLES; PLANAR MEMBRANE; PRECURSOR PROTEINS
Erscheinungsdatum: 2002
Herausgeber: BIOPHYSICAL SOCIETY
Journal: BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Volumen: 83
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 899
Seitenende: 911
Zusammenfassung: 
The channel properties of Toc75 (the protein import pore of the outer chloroplastic membrane) were further characterized by electrophysiological measurements in planar lipid bilayers. After improvement of the Toc75 reconstitution procedure the voltage dependence of the channel open probability resembled those observed for other beta-barrel pores. Studies concerning the pore size of the reconstituted Toc75 indicate the presence of a narrow restriction zone corresponding to the selectivity filter and a wider pore vestibule with diameters of similar to14 Angstrom , and 26 Angstrom, respectively. Interactions between Toc75 and different peptides (a genuine chloroplastic transit peptide, a synthetic peptide resembling a transit peptide, and a mitochondrial presequence) show that Toc75 itself is able to differentiate between these peptides and the recognition is based on both conformational and electrostatic interactions.
ISSN: 00063495
DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3495(02)75216-8

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