Salience in Paintings: Bottom-Up Influences on Eye Fixations

Autor(en): Fuchs, Isabella
Ansorge, Ulrich 
Redies, Christoph
Leder, Helmut
Stichwörter: Art perception; ATTENTIONAL CAPTURE; Computer Science; Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence; Eye movements; MOVEMENTS; Neurosciences; Neurosciences & Neurology; REAL-WORLD SCENES; RECOGNITION; Salience; SEARCH; SELECTION; STATISTICS; STIMULUS-DRIVEN; TIME; Visual attention; VISUAL-ATTENTION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Journal: COGNITIVE COMPUTATION
Volumen: 3
Ausgabe: 1, SI
Startseite: 25
Seitenende: 36
Zusammenfassung: 
In the current study, we investigated whether visual salience attracts attention in a bottom-up manner. We presented abstract and depictive paintings as well as photographs to naive participants in free-viewing (Experiment 1) and target-search (Experiment 2) tasks. Image salience was computed in terms of local feature contrasts in color, luminance, and orientation. Based on the theories of stimulus-driven salience effects on attention and fixations, we expected salience effects in all conditions and a characteristic short-lived temporal profile of the salience-driven effect on fixations. Our results confirmed the predictions. Results are discussed in terms of their potential implications.
ISSN: 18669956
DOI: 10.1007/s12559-010-9062-3

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