A spatially explicit assessment of the wind energy potential in response to an increased distance between wind turbines and settlements in Germany

Autor(en): Masurowski, Frank
Drechsler, Martin
Frank, Karin 
Stichwörter: Business & Economics; CONSERVATION; Distance to settlements; Economics; ELECTRICITY; Energy & Fuels; Energy potential; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Environmental Studies; Spatially explicit; Wind energy
Erscheinungsdatum: 2016
Volumen: 97
Startseite: 343
Seitenende: 350
Setting a minimum distance between wind turbines and settlements is an important policy to mitigate the conflict between renewable energy production and the well-being of residents. We present a novel approach to assess the impact of varying minimum distances on the wind energy potential of a region, state or country. We show that this impact can be predicted from the spatial structure of the settlements. Applying this approach to Germany, we identify those regions where the energy potential very sensitively reacts to a change in the minimum distance. In relative terms the reduction of the energy potential is maximal in the north-west and the south-east of Germany. In absolute terms it is maximal in the north. This information helps deciding in which regions the minimum distance may be increased without large losses in the energy potential. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03014215
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2016.07.021

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