Controlling the Unconscious: Attentional Task Sets Modulate Subliminal Semantic and Visuomotor Processes Differentially

Autor(en): Martens, Ulla
Ansorge, Ulrich 
Kiefer, Markus
Stichwörter: ACTIVATION; attentional control; automatic processes; BACKWARD INHIBITION; BRAIN; CAPTURE; COGNITION; EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS; INFORMATION; INTENTIONS; MASKED WORDS; PERIPHERAL CUEING TASK; Psychology; Psychology, Multidisciplinary; semantic priming; unconscious cognition; visuomotor priming
Erscheinungsdatum: 2011
Herausgeber: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Journal: PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
Volumen: 22
Ausgabe: 2
Startseite: 282
Seitenende: 291
Zusammenfassung: 
Are unconscious processes susceptible to attentional influences? In two subliminal priming experiments, we investigated whether task sets differentially modulate the sensitivity of unconscious processing pathways. We developed a novel procedure for masked semantic priming of words (Experiment 1) and masked visuomotor priming of geometrical shapes (Experiment 2). Before presentation of the masked prime, participants performed an induction task in which they attended to either semantic or perceptual object features designed to activate a semantic or perceptual task set, respectively. Behavioral and electrophysiological effects showed that the induction tasks differentially modulated subliminal priming: Semantic priming, which involves access to conceptual meaning, was found after the semantic induction task but not after the perceptual induction task. Visuomotor priming was observed after the perceptual induction task but not after the semantic induction task. These results demonstrate that unconscious cognition is influenced by attentional control. Unconscious processes in perceptual and semantic processing streams are coordinated congruently with higher-level action goals.
ISSN: 09567976
DOI: 10.1177/0956797610397056

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