Body Image in Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder after Childhood Sexual Abuse and Co-Occurring Eating Disorder

Autor(en): Dyer, Anne
Borgmann, Elisabeth
Kleindienst, Nikolaus
Feldmann, Jr., Robert E.
Vocks, Silja 
Bohus, Martin
Stichwörter: ANOREXIA-NERVOSA; Body image; BULIMIA-NERVOSA; Childhood sexual abuse; Eating disorder; GERMAN VERSION; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Psychiatry; QUESTIONNAIRE; VALIDITY
Erscheinungsdatum: 2013
Herausgeber: KARGER
Journal: PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
Volumen: 46
Ausgabe: 3
Startseite: 186
Seitenende: 191
Zusammenfassung: 
Background: Body image is a multidimensional construct with cognitive-affective, behavioral and perceptive components. Survivors of childhood sexual abuse report a disturbance of the cognitive-affective component of their body image but not of the perceptive component. It has not yet been examined whether and how the behavioral component is affected. Also, it is still unknown whether the disturbances might be due to the influence of co-occurring eating disorders. Sampling and Methods: The cognitive-affective and behavioral components of the body image of 84 female participants with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childhood sexual abuse (31 with a co-occurring eating disorder) and 53 healthy participants were assessed via the Dresden Body Image Inventory (Dresdner Korperbildfragebogen-35, DKB-35) and the Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIAQ). Results: PTSD patients reported significantly higher negative scores on all DKB-35 subscales (p < 0.001) and the BIAQ (p = 0.002; p < 0.001). Results remained consistent after accounting for the influence of co-occurring eating disorders (p = 0.021; p = 0.001; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Results show for the first time that the behavioral component of the body image is impaired in female patients with PTSD in addition to the cognitive-affective component. This is not solely due to a comorbid eating disorder. The effect of established treatments on the body image of PTSD patients should be evaluated and new treatment modules should be developed and tested, if necessary. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN: 02544962
DOI: 10.1159/000341590

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