Putative role of an SLC45 H+/sugar cotransporter in mammalian spermatozoa
|DOG SPERMATOZOA; EPIDIDYMIS; EXPRESSION; FIBROUS SHEATH; METABOLISM; Physiology; Proton-coupled sugar transporter; SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE; SLC45A4; SPERM; Spermatozoa maturation; SUCROSE; TRANSPORTER; UNDERWHITE GENE
|PFLUGERS ARCHIV-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
In the present study, we describe the detection and analysis of a novel type of sugar transporter in mammalian spermatozoa. This transporter belongs to the SLC45 family for which two features are remarkable and distinguish it from other known families of sugar transporters. Firstly, SLC45 transporters recognise not only the monosaccharides glucose or fructose but also the disaccharide sucrose as a substrate. Secondly, the uptake of sugars is coupled to a proton gradient. Uptake experiments using radioactively labelled sucrose indicated a functional transporter of the SLC45 family in bull spermatozoa. Real-time PCR as well as Western blots demonstrated the occurrence of the SLC45 member A4 in mouse testis and sperms. Furthermore, immunocytochemical analysis of mouse tissues revealed that the signal of SLC45A4 was mainly located in the principle piece of spermatozoa. We postulate that the SLC45A4 transporter plays an important role in nutrition of spermatozoa during their maturation in the epididymis. Moreover, we suggest that knowledge about the presence of the SLC45A4 may be useful also for the methodical improvement of cryopreservation of mammalian spermatozoa.
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checked on Mar 3, 2024