Body-related attentional bias in women and men. Potential risk factor for the development and maintenance of a distorted body image

Autor(en): Cordes, Martin
Bauer, Anika
Waldorf, Manuel 
Vocks, Silja 
Stichwörter: ANOREXIA-NERVOSA; Attentional bias modification; Body dissatisfaction; Cognitive-behavioral model; DISORDERED EATING BEHAVIOR; DISSATISFACTION; DRIVE; DYSMORPHIC DISORDER; Eating disorders; EYE-TRACKING; MUSCULARITY; Psychology; Psychology, Clinical; Psychology, Psychoanalysis; Selective attention; SHAPE; VISUAL-ATTENTION; WEIGHT-RELATED INFORMATION
Erscheinungsdatum: 2015
Herausgeber: SPRINGER
Journal: PSYCHOTHERAPEUT
Volumen: 60
Ausgabe: 6
Startseite: 477
Seitenende: 487
Zusammenfassung: 
Attentional bias during the processing of body and shape-related stimuli are assumed to perpetuate body dissatisfaction and a disturbed body image. This article presents a review of currently available studies concerning body and shape-related attentional bias in both genders. In the light of a heuristic cognitive-behavioral meta-model for the development and perpetuation of disturbed body images, recent findings on body and shape-related attentional bias are presented separately for women and men. Furthermore, findings on the experimental modification of this bias in women are presented and the implications for the therapeutic practice are deduced. For both genders the presented results indicate that (sub)clinical body image concerns are associated with a more dysfunctional processing of body and shape-related stimuli, especially with respect to one's own body. Moreover, findings on the modification of attentional bias in women suggest a causal relationship between attention allocation towards negatively rated body stimuli and body dissatisfaction.
ISSN: 09356185
DOI: 10.1007/s00278-015-0058-z

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