Na1,5-x/2SrxGd1,5-x/2F6 nanocrystals (0 <= x <= 1): growth, size control and shell formation on beta-NaCeF4:Tb core particles

Autor(en): Wehmeier, Jannis
Haase, Markus 
Stichwörter: Chemistry; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE; Crystallography; ENHANCEMENT; FLUORIDE; MANIPULATION; MECHANISM; MOLECULAR PROBES; NAGDF4 NANOPARTICLES; NAYF4; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; UP-CONVERSION LUMINESCENCE
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Herausgeber: ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Journal: CRYSTENGCOMM
Volumen: 22
Ausgabe: 46
Zusammenfassung: 
Na1,5-x/2SrxGd1,5-x/2F6 is an interesting shell material for)3-NaREF4 particles of the lighter lanthanides (RE = Ce, Pr, Nd), as variation of its strontium content x allows to vary its lattice parameters and match those of the core material. It crystallizes in the hexagonal gagarinite structure (NaCaYF6) which is closely related to the hexagonal structure of 13-NaREF4, known from the upconversion host lattices 13-NaYF4 and)3-NaGdF4. Here, we studied the formation of Na15 t F6 nanocrystals over the entire range 0 s x s 1. Heating of a solution of the metal oleates in oleic acid/octadecene in the presence of NFU results in the formation of small nm) particles as the first product. For x 0.2, these particles mainly consist of the hexagonal gagarinite phase whereas for x > 0.2 most particles crystallize in a cubic lattice resembling the structure of cl-NaGdF4. Further heating at 320 `C leads to dissolution of the cubic phase and formation of larger particles of the hexagonal phase. Both the time required for complete dissolution as well as the final size of the particles systematically grows with increasing strontium content x, showing that high values of x decrease the number of hexagonal seeds formed. The lattice parameters of the hexagonal phase are found to increase linearly with x and become, for high values of x, similar to those of the hexagonal phase of NaCeF, NaPrF4, and NaNdF.4. Small particles of the cubic phase of NaGdSrF6 are shown to be suitable precursors to form a gagarinite shell on 13-NaCeF4:25% Tb particles.
DOI: 10.1039/d0ce01301c

Show full item record

Page view(s)

10
Last Week
0
Last month
0
checked on Feb 20, 2024

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric