Cloning and expression analysis of midgut chymotrypsin-like proteinases in the tobacco hornworm
|AEDES-AEGYPTI; CHITIN SYNTHASE; chymotrypsin-like proteinase; CRYSTALLINE ALPHA-CHYMOTRYPSIN; DIURETIC HORMONE-RECEPTOR; Entomology; MALPIGHIAN TUBULES; Manduca sexta; MANDUCA-SEXTA; midgut; Physiology; SERINE PROTEASES; serine proteinase; SPODOPTERA-EXIGUA; SUBSTRATE-SPECIFICITY; V-ATPASE SUBUNIT; Zoology
|PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
|JOURNAL OF INSECT PHYSIOLOGY
Digestion of proteins in the midgut of lepidopteran larvae relies on different trypsin and chymotrypsin isoforms. In this study we describe three chymotrypsin-like proteinases (CTLP2-4) from the larval midgut of Manduca sexta, which are closely related to CTLP1 and less closely related to another chymotrypsin (CF), two previously described proteinases present in the larval midgut of M. sexta. CTLP1-4 fit perfectly into a novel subgroup of insect CTLPs by sequence similarity and by the replacement of GP by SA in the highly conserved GDSGGP motif. When we examined CTLP expression in different tissues, most of the proteinases were predominantly expressed in the anterior and median midgut, while some were found in the Malpighian tubules. When we examined CTLP expression at different physiological states, we observed that the CTLP mRNA amounts did not differ considerably in feeding and starving larvae except for CTLP2, whose mRNA dropped significantly upon starvation. During moulting, however, the mRNA amounts of all CTLPs dropped significantly. When we immunologically examined CTLP amounts, mature proteinases were only detectable in the gut lumen of feeding and re-fed larvae, but not in that of starving or moulting larvae, suggesting that CTLP secretion is suspended during starvation or moult. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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